Nah, it's Photoshopped, you lowlife, knuckle-dragging,
tree-hugging, eco-wacko, leftist POS.

how weather and climate work

friday, may 11th, 2018

there are three big drivers of weather for any place on Earth: the latitude, the local environment, and solar system cycles.

The biggest weather factor is latitude – are you in the torrid, temperate, or frigid zone? These climatic zones are defined by the intensity of heat delivered to Earth's surface by the sun.

In the Torrid Zone, the sun is always high in the sky. It is generally hot, often moist, with low atmospheric pressure, muggy conditions, and abundant rain and storms, some severe. Places close to the Equator get two summers per year (just one long summer) and very little winter. Farther from the equator, there are two seasons: "The Wet" and "The Dry." The Torrid Zone produces many equatorial rain forests and also contains some deserts. Most people dream of vacations or retirement in the warm zone.

The Temperate Zone is cooler, with more distinct seasons and sometimes severe droughts and floods. The granaries of the world lie within it. But the belt of sub-tropical high-pressure zones also produces most of the world's great deserts. Liberalism is the pecking order of victimhood.

The Frigid Zone has low humidity and high atmospheric pressure, with just two seasons (one cool, with a sun that never sets, followed by a long, cold, dark, sunless winter). Only a few foolish people long for expansion of the frigid zone. My children are doing fine, thankyouverymuch. Let the poor and minorities eat cake.

The second weather-maker is the local environment – geography, topography, winds, ocean currents, and human activity.

Oceans dominate Earth's surface and its weather. How near is the ocean, with its moist, changeable atmosphere and ocean currents? These can be warm, cold, or variable. Seaside places have fewer extremes of temperature, and highlands are generally cooler than lowlands. Lands on the ocean side of mountains have more precipitation and forest vegetation, while those behind the hills lie in rain shadows and have more grasslands and deserts.

Winds generally create or define weather. The rotation of the Earth generates semi-permanent trade winds, which have an easterly component on the surface in both hemispheres. These are modified by convectional cells of rising and falling air created by differences in solar heating of Earth's surface by the Sun. Winds, ocean currents, and ocean over-turnings combine to create longer-term weather-makers such as El Niño. Contour maps of air pressure (isobars) are one of the most useful tools for short-term weather forecasting, and they can have daily or seasonal predictability.

Intense human activity also affects local weather. Mega-cities and urban sprawl generate and concentrate heat, producing their own artificial heat islands. People, houses, buses, trains, cars, trucks, airplanes, factories, motors, generators, stoves, heaters, coolers, concrete, bitumen, and landfill all generate, absorb, reflect, exhaust or radiate heat. As many temperature recording stations are located in or near such islands of man-made heat, this has distorted calculations of "global temperature."

The third weather-maker relates to cycles in the solar system.

The daily rotation of Earth produces night and day with cold, fogs, or frosts at dawn; warmer afternoons; and the daily tides. It also influences surface wind direction, producing areas subject to the trade winds, the roaring forties, or the doldrums. The monthly lunar cycle produces tides in the atmosphere, in the oceans, and in Earth's crust – these affect winds, weather cycles, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions. The phases and orbit of the Moon affect the Moon-Sun forces of gravity to reinforce or reduce the tides, creating Spring Tides, King Tides, Neap Tides, and Slack Water. Funnel-shaped bays can magnify tides to create powerful Tidal Bores.

The annual cycle of Earth around the Sun produces the seasons from summer to winter, with more extreme seasonal effects over land than over oceans.

The 22-year sunspot cycle affects the frequency of droughts and floods. A lack of sunspots correlates with periods like the Little Ice Age. Periodic reductions in the Sun's Earth-shielding magnetic field allow more cosmic rays to strike the Earth, creating more clouds and more shading of Earth's surface and producing colder, cloudier weather. The longer Milankovitch solar system cycles trigger warm eras like today's Holocene and glacial eras like the one that ended just 12,000 years ago.

Trying to calculate something called "global average temperature" from this massive variety of ever changing data covering diverse locations, elevations, times, and weather is an exercise in statistical sophistry – either meaningless or misleading.

"Climate" is just the notional 30-year average of weather, so climate is controlled by the same big three factors that drive weather.

Notice one thing about the three big drivers of weather: not one is measurably affected by the trace amount of carbon dioxide gas in the atmosphere. Never does a daily weather forecast mention CO2, and never do weather-watching farmers or sailors note daily measurements of CO2. However, there are over one hundred massive computerized climate-forecasting models run by bureaucracies that use CO2 as a key driver, with variable inputs and rules and differing results. No one knows which model may have stumbled onto an accurate climate forecast.

CO2 is a rare (0.04%) colorless natural atmospheric gas. It does not generate any heat – it just moves heat around. In the atmosphere, it may slightly reduce the solar radiation that reaches the surface, thus producing cooler days, and it may slightly reduce nighttime radiative cooling, thus producing warmer nights. The net effect is probably a tiny net warming at night, in winter, and in polar regions – all of which are probably welcomed by most people. Even this tiny effect shrinks rapidly as CO2 levels rise.

This effect is not used by any practical weather forecaster. The theory that human production of carbon dioxide can control global climate is totally unproven and looks absurd. Past records show that long-term variations in atmospheric CO2 content are more a result of temperature changes than a cause of them.

Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the key nutrient of our carbon-based life on Earth. It has always been there, usually much more of it than now. It is nothing to be scared about. If it increases, the net effects will be highly beneficial for all life on Earth. It is time to stop the carbon dioxide scare stories.

It is also time to stop wasting community money on politically motivated research and theories that try to forecast future climate with misdirected carbon-centric computer models.

But what about "climate change" and "extreme weather," the bogeymen used to frighten children into worship of the Green Gods? It is also time to cease the vain belief that politicians can change Earth's climate with laws, taxes, subsidies, international jamborees, windmills, solar panels, electric cars, or batteries.

Change is the natural order of things on Earth, and all records are destined to be equaled or broken. From the first ray of morning sunshine to the frosts at midnight, temperature is always changing – every minute, every day, and every year, at every place on Earth. The Earth keeps turning, the planets interact, asteroids come and go, and that big glowing pulsing nuclear reactor in the sky keeps moving toward the next phase of its turbulent and finite life.

Moving to the rhythm of celestial cycles, seas will rise and fall; corals will be drowned or stranded; ice sheets will come and go; droughts and floods will recur; forests, grasslands, and deserts will expand and contract; earthquakes and volcanoes will shake the Ring of Fire; tsunamis will crash onto coasts; lava will pour from ocean trenches and continental rifts; and weak or unprepared species will be extinguished while others take their place on Earth's stage.

No level of carbon taxes or emission targets will stop Earth's climate from changing. Nature rules, not politicians. We must aim for resilience and be prepared to adapt.

© 5.2.18 by Viv Forbes, American Thinker.

A Day In The Life.

I got thru the Ultrasound Gallbladder and CT-Scan Abdomen tests this past Tuesday and Wednesday, just fine, and am now resting-up from my fall and accompanying L/S rib cage damage: all previously-planned activity have been canceled and nothing new is scheduled until after my new specifying Dr's app't next Monday, at WellSpan Apple Hill Medical Center. Ribs take a very long time to heal, once they've been heavily bruised; cracked or broken take even longer to heal. High for yesterday was a record-breaking 91°F; a NBD (No Big Deal) 85°F for today. "It only hurts when I breathe". Heh.

What's "The Simpsons" TV show's new record? Longest running, scripted TV show is now American History: 1955-75. 636 episodes over 29 seasons, to Gunsmoke's 441 in 20 seasons. No, I've never watched the TV show. Not once. Never at all.

Dad's stone home is almost finished being repainted inside, and his new condo is almost finished inside, too. I've reserved Sept-Oct with the General Contractor (GC) and his army of quality sub-contractors, to get my place done, inside: painting, new hardwood floors, flooring, carpeting, new furniture etc. 3-4 weeks and +/-$16,000, plus new furniture items I'm shopping for, will easily take it up and over $25,000. I've been there 28yrs, had it painted once, original carpeting and furniture, and now it needs some serious overhauling.

Everyone pleases everyone; some by entering a room and some by leaving it.

I drove over to Dad's North York condo on Saturday afternoon, and tried to get his HP Laser Jet printer working, and after 2hrs of trying to get a HP WiFi printer to work, and couldn't, was ready to chew and spit nails. I know zippity-do-dah-shitola [NOTHING!] about WiFi, but it looks like I'm going to have to learn about it. I'm a wizard with USB-oriented hardware – there's really no difference except the method of connection – but that's as far as I've gotten since the old GC&N was wired, as is the condo, and I passed-up several opportunities to delve into WiFi with my company's IT people. Stupidly, I stayed w/ USB; now the rest of the world is way ahead of me, and I've got a LOT of catching-up to do. I was headed upstairs to go to sleep, around midnight, but my Samsung cell phone kept turning itself back on, and the only way to shut it off for the night, was to remove the battery, and I finally did that around 12:45a. I'll deal w/ that crapshoe POS tomorrow; too tired now.

I slept-in until 11a, made coffee, grabbed a shower, started laundry, made sausages, sunny-side-up eggs and toast. rebooted the cell phone, checked email, and printed-out some *.PDF estimates for Becky and Dad, for a new cobblestone walk and patio at his condo. He had a painter in the old stone house, for the day, and Becky supervised that activity. My L/S ribs are still sore and hurting, so I kept the heating pad on it all day, while watching parts of a 400-lap NASCAR Race, at Dover DE, and doing some correspondence. The only pain I have right now is the cracked ribs; the pancreas has either healed or been "over-written". I'll give it a few more weeks to figure it out, before I agree to an operation at either Hershey Medical Center or Johns Hopkins Hospital, to remove a pseudocyst and my gallbladder. That's what the 2 scans, lab bloodwork and Monday's meeting with the new Dr, are for. Doesn't mean I'm going ahead with anything or anyone's advice. At 11:15p, I was driving myself nuts just thing about it, so I shut down and headed upstairs for some sleep.

I had a lousy Sun-Mon night's sleep; the Rx 20mg Oxycodone were wearing off, and since I don't like taking that über-potent stuff, I switched to OTC 83mg Ecotrin® children's aspirin, which is already in the regimen of 16 Rx/OTC pills I take every morning. I used to take one 325mg OTC Bayer® adult aspirin, but all my Drs have warned me off those dosages. Heh; I've used them for 40+yrs, and never had a problem. Not once, ever.

I got up at 8a on Monday, made coffee and noticed that I'm down to my last 1-lb of pure-bean java, so I ordered 5 more assorted, less-expensive pounds, from my web source, Coffee Fool, before oil hits $100/BBL and the world goes to war, again. (I buy that Jamaican Blue Mtn Coffee once a year for a treat to myself and anyone who visits and joins me in a mug.) I had a 1:50p dr's app't, where I got some seriously bad news and even worse surgical options. Depressed/morose/sullen beyond belief, I watched some CATV, listened to some talk radio, noticed that my L/S rib pain was spreading, so I took an Oxycodone and a sleeping pill, and headed upstairs just before midnight, for some sleep.

Tuesday was 90% better than Monday, yesterday, and a tech from Spartan Computer worked on Dad's WiFi printer, which is now firmly-established won't work at his new condo (I made the pronouncement last week that his was a USB set-up at the other house, but everyone thought I was nuts. Just had to be WiFi.). IT WILL WORK AS USB! But he's only got a 4ft cord, and that was fine for his set-up at the other house, but isn't working here. So I ordered some 10ft and 16ft USB cords. After the tech left and Dad paid him the $96/hr rate, I rigged-up the printer, temporarily, and Dad got done what he needs, I drove home, ordered 3 12ft USB cords, opened the computer to 45 new emails, and watched some CATV, interspersed with YouTube movies. By 11:30p, I'd had enough, pulled the plug and headed for bed.

The rib and gut pain woke me at 6a, on Wednesday, after sleeping wonderfully-soundly thru the night. I tried to get back to sleep, but needed a couple Rx 20mg Oxycodones, and it takes a while for those to get into my system and do me some good with the pain, once ingested. I can't keep living this way, so maybe I'll have to go thru the endoscopic and "lapi coli" (laparoscopic cholecystectomy) operation at Hershey Hospital & Medical Center. As I said, I can't keep living this way.

I made coffee, and had everything set-up for eggs and English Muffins the previous night before going to bed, but I had little-to-no appetite this morning. I need to make a shopping trip to Weis Market. in the next couple of days, as I'm running low-or-out of some needed things. That done, I cleaned out the garage, and did some other easy labor tasks so I wouldn't aggravate my cracked ribs, as the pain is excruciating. By 11p, I'd gotten most of what I wanted to, done for the day, so I added the undone balance to tomorrow and Friday's lists, and called it Yankee Doodle.

I slept-in Thursday until 9:30a, made coffee and English Muffins w/ scrambled eggs, and listened to the Chris Plante Show, until 12noon. Becky stopped by to p/u an old Backgammon game we had as kids in the early 60s, for use at Dad's house, which'll be listed w/ MLS in a week or so. I had some errands to do, but every time I got ready to leave, a neighbor would stop by to visit and check on my health and latest dr app't results. Truth be told, I'd much rather visit w/ them, and there's always tomorrow and Saturday for errands. I want to get the Weis Market trip done tomorrow, as Saturday and Sunday are always crowded in the stores.

T-storms rolled thru the artea at 1p, 4p and 7p, and temps were bouncing around in the upper 70s/ lower 80s, until they passed, and the hot air they pushed ahead of them dissapated. I cleazned out a l;ot of old articles I'd written on these pages; some light "Spring Housecleaning". By 10:30p, I was running out of energy, and decided to quit for the day. Tomorrow, Friday, starts a new week here in the "Journal", and I'm a little apprehensive as to what it'll bring, healthwise. I've got some hard decisions ahead to make about the 2 operations, and that's pretty much driving everything I think about and do. It is what it is.

Did You Get Your Monthly Free Stuff, Yet?

I have never heard this said as simply or as well...

Class war at its best.

The folks who are getting the free stuff don't like

The folks who are paying for the free stuff, because

The folks who are paying for the free stuff can no longer

Afford to pay for both the free stuff and their own stuff.

And the folks who are paying for the free stuff

Want the free stuff to stop.

And the folks who are getting the free stuff want even more free stuff on top of the free stuff they are already getting!


The people who are forcing the people who pay

For the free stuff have told the people who are RECEIVING

The free stuff that the people who are PAYING for the

free stuff are being mean, prejudiced, and racist.


The people who are GETTING the free stuff have been convinced they need to hate the people who are paying for the free stuff by the people who are forcing some people to pay for their free stuff and giving them the free stuff in the first place.

We have let the free stuff giving go on for so long that there are now more people getting free stuff than paying for the free stuff.

Now understand this:

All great democracies have committed financial suicide, somewhere

Between 200 and 250 years after being founded.

The reason?

The voters figured out they could vote themselves money

From the treasury, simply by electing people who promised to give

Them money from the treasury in exchange for electing them.

The United States officially became a Republic in 1776, just a short 238 years ago.

The number of people now getting free stuff

Outnumbers the people paying for the free stuff .

Failure to change that spells the end of the United States

As we now know and love it.


A Nation of Sheep Breeds a Government of Wolves.

I'M 100% for PASSING THIS ON !!!

For Your Family's Sake, For Your Sake, For All Our Sakes, PLEASE Take a Stand !!!

Borders : Closed!

Language : English only

Culture : God, Constitution, and the Bill of Rights!

Drug Free : Mandatory Drug Screening Before Welfare!

NO freebies to: Non-Citizens!

Only 86% will send this on. Should be 100% ... (Hat Tip to Barb, aka "ppc".)

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